I killed an SSD, then brought it back to life

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Dagannoth

Active member
Dec 26, 2020
34
8
I bought a strange little SSD an eBay (shipping was ~19 days). The label claims it is an 8 GB Bu King T650-8GB, but smartctl says it is a 16 GB Innodisk 3ME. Strangely, it had an almost 8 GB partition with a weird Unicode label, and the rest was left empty.

Bu King partitions.png


I ran some tests on it, then decided to Secure Erase it. This was a mistake. First of all, the Secure Erase utility in Parted Magic froze for several minutes, causing me to accidentally open it multiple times. I eventually got it to run. However, the log showed an error once it finished, and the drive had disappeared. I rebooted, and the drive no longer showed up in the BIOS. I thought it was dead, but decided to see if I could find any voodoo online. I followed this article's advice of 30 minutes powered on with the data cable disconnected, power off for 30 seconds, power on for another 30 minutes, then power off and reconnect the data cable. It worked! Also, I think the Secure Erase worked, because the ReadSpeed result is a little better.

ReadSpeed before:
Code:
  +--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
  | ReadSpeed: Hyper-accurate mass storage read-performance benchmark. rel 1 |
  |  Benchmarked values are in megabytes read per second at five locations.  |
  +--------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Driv Size  Drive Identity     Location:    0      25%     50%     75%     100
---- ----- ---------------------------- ------- ------- ------- ------- -------
81   16GB 2.5" SATA SSD 3ME             176.4   186.5   186.6   186.5   186.6

                  Benchmarked: Tuesday, 2021-03-09 at 21:22
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   See the ReadSpeed forums at forums.grc.com for help and community support.

ReadSpeed after:
Code:
  +--------------------------------------------------------------------------+
  | ReadSpeed: Hyper-accurate mass storage read-performance benchmark. rel 1 |
  |  Benchmarked values are in megabytes read per second at five locations.  |
  +--------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Driv Size  Drive Identity     Location:    0      25%     50%     75%     100
---- ----- ---------------------------- ------- ------- ------- ------- -------
81   16GB 2.5" SATA SSD 3ME             180.9   190.9   190.8   190.9   191.1

                  Benchmarked: Thursday, 2021-03-11 at 22:36
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   See the ReadSpeed forums at forums.grc.com for help and community support.

smartctl:
The duplicate Raw_Read_Error_Rate lines are not a copy pasta mistake, that's how it came out of smartctl. Just another neat little quirk of this drive :)
Code:
smartctl 7.2 2020-12-30 r5155 [x86_64-linux-5.11.2-pmagic] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-20, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Innodisk 1ME3/3ME/3SE SSDs
Device Model:     2.5" SATA SSD 3ME
Serial Number:    20140621AA00000000EF
Firmware Version: S130709
User Capacity:    16,013,942,784 bytes [16.0 GB]
Sector Size:      512 bytes logical/physical
Rotation Rate:    Solid State Device
Form Factor:      2.5 inches
TRIM Command:     Unavailable
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ACS-2 (minor revision not indicated)
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.0, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 6.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Tue Mar  9 21:39:46 2021 CST
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x00)    Offline data collection activity
                    was never started.
                    Auto Offline Data Collection: Disabled.
Total time to complete Offline
data collection:         (   32) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:              (0x00)     Offline data collection not supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003)    Saves SMART data before entering
                    power-saving mode.
                    Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x00)    Error logging NOT supported.
                    General Purpose Logging supported.
SCT capabilities:            (0x0039)    SCT Status supported.
                    SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
                    SCT Feature Control supported.
                    SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
  2 Throughput_Performance  0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
  8 Seek_Time_Performance   0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       2532
10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       68
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
168 SATA_PHY_Error_Count    0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
169 Unknown_Innodisk_Attr   0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0x000000000000
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
175 Bad_Cluster_Table_Count 0x0000   100   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       2199023255552
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
240 Write_Head              0x0000   000   000   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
170 Bad_Block_Count         0x0003   100   100   ---    Pre-fail  Always       -       0 11 0
173 Erase_Count             0x0012   100   100   ---    Old_age   Always       -       0 525 452
229 Flash_ID                0x0002   100   100   ---    Old_age   Always       -       0x040409728498
236 Unstable_Power_Count    0x0002   100   100   ---    Old_age   Always       -       0
235 Later_Bad_Block         0x0002   100   000   ---    Old_age   Always       -       0

Read SMART Log Directory failed: scsi error badly formed scsi parameters

SMART Error Log not supported

SMART Self-test Log not supported

Selective Self-tests/Logging not supported

Mods: I chose this section since it's primarily about my adventure with this SSD. Feel free to move it to a different section if you think it fits better.
 
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Reactions: DiskTuna

DiskTuna

Well-known member
Jan 3, 2021
92
10
Netherlands
I followed this article's advice of 30 minutes powered on with the data cable disconnected, power off for 30 seconds, power on for another 30 minutes, then power off and reconnect the data cable. It worked!

Yes, this sometimes works on older models, nice to see it confirmed here.
 

drwtsn32

Active member
Sep 19, 2020
33
11
Upvote for Parted Magic! Love it and am happy to pay the maintainer a couple times a year for upgrades.